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Alabama Flag And Its History

By Meggy Brown

Though Alabama entered the Union in 1819, it wasn't until the state seceded from the Union in 1861 that Alabamans adopted a flag of their own. At the Secession Convention of January 11, 1861, distressed Alabama citizens decided to withdraw from the Union of the United States. At the same time, they adopted their own flag. Designed by a group of Montgomery women, the "Secession Convention Flag" became Alabama's first official flag. Because Alabama had left the union, the flag was often referred to as the "Republic of Alabama flag."

In the nineteenth century, cotton and slave work were essential to Alabama's economy. The state expected a key part in the American Civil War; its capital, Montgomery, was the Confederacy's first capital. Alabama is the only state that contains all the major natural resources to make iron and steel within its borders.

The Alabama State Flag was endorsed by the Alabama Legislature on February 16, 1895. The state standard was to be a crimson cross of St. Andrew on a field of white. Consistently, there has been many hypotheses over the condition of the Alabama state flag. Dr. Thomas Owen, head of the Alabama Department of Archives and History deduced that the flag should be square, considering the "regulations directing the Confederate battle flag."

After the war, the flag of the United States was raised over the state. It flew until 1891 when Alabama finally decided on a design for a unique state flag. Four years later, on February 16, 1895, 76 years after being admitted to the Union, the Alabama Legislature authorized the "crimson cross of St. Andrew on a field of white" as its official flag in the Acts of Alabama.

On the spring of 1863, the Confederate Congress disputed about for another national flag for the Confederacy. The Second National Flag was extensively known as the "Stainless Banner." Because the first issue of this flag hung the crate of General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, it was then called the "Jackson Flag." Today's Alabama's state flag is only a red cross on a field of white. The Alabama flag is seen in both ways, in square or rectangular.

There is a barrage of cheap and inferior Alabama flags being imported and sold, that do not comply with the flag statute. This is bad for a number of reasons. Imported flags are cheaply made and more importantly, the designs, materials, colors, and methods of printing do not compare well with the better quality, longer-lasting, and correctly designed flags made by American manufacturers. The Flag Company Inc specialized in flag designs offered a special edition of decals and flags to memorize the history of Alabama flag for the future.

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